Wednesday, May 27, 2009

Scholarships for Master and Doctoral Degrees

Scholarships for Master and Doctoral Degrees :
for International Students : Ocean University China :

10 Scholarships for are available to the International Students for Masters and Doctoral Degrees at Ocean University China. Pakistani students are eligible to apply.

Deadline : 31 May 2009

Details of the Scholarship
The scholarship durations are 2-3 years for masters degree student and 3-4 years for doctoral degree students beginning in the September of 2009.

Scholarship includes
1.Tuition fee
2.Accommodation on campus (Note: water and electricity fee should be afforded by the student him/herself)
3.Monthly Living allowance:
◦Master degree students, scholars: CNY 1,700 Yuan per month;◦
Doctoral degree students, scholars: CNY 2,000 Yuan per month;
4.Medical insurance based on the stipulated insurance articles;
Doctoral & Master degree programs
1.Programs for PhD/Doctoral degree program:
All the available Ph.D supervisors can be found in File 1.
2.Programs for Marine Science (For detailed curriculum, please refer to File 2).
3.Programs for MA in Chinese: Four programs are available for master applicants: ◦Chinese Philology◦Chinese Literature History◦Modern and Contemporary Chinese literature◦Historical Geography(For the detailed curriculum, please refer to File 3).
4.MBA Program in English: ◦Study Duration?From two years to Three years◦Main Courses include Accounting, Applied Statistics, Management Economics, Organizational Behavior, Management Information System, Marketing, Operation Management, Financial Management, Strategic Management, Business Negotiation, Human Resource Management, Series of Guest Lecture, Logistics Management &Supply Chain Management, Finance, etc.(For detailed curriculum, please click here )
1.Applicants must be non-Chinese nationals in good health.2.Education background and age limit: ◦Applicants for master degree studies must have bachelor’s degree and be under the age of 35.
Applicants for doctoral degree studies must have master’s degree and be under the age of 40.
Application Materials
The applicants must fill in and provide the following materials truly and correctly (in triplicate, one original and two copies).
1.Application Form for Chinese Government Scholarship (printed by CSC, please refer to File 4 ), one original and two photocopies, in Chinese or in English. Please read carefully the important notes on the last page before filling out the form. Please complete the form in Chinese or English. If the form is not filled in on PC, please write legibly in black or blue ink. Please indicate with ‘X’ in the blank chosen. Any forms that do not follow the notes will be invalid.
2.Notarized Copy of bachelor’s degree/master’s degree (applying doctoral degree program). If applicants are university students or already employed, they should also provide relevant documents to prove. Documents in languages other than Chinese or English must be attached with translations in Chinese or English.
3.Original transcript (or a notarized copy) Applicants for Master degree program or Doctoral degree program need to provide Original transcripts (stamped by the university). Transcripts in languages other than Chinese or English must be attached with translations in Chinese or English.
4.A study or research plan in Chinese or in English (no less than 800 words/ 2 pages, very important).
5.Two letters of recommendation Applicants must submit two letters of recommendation in Chinese or English by professors or associate professors (very important).
6.CV. The CV is to introduce your education background, your experience or your publication in relative research field done before.
7.Photocopy of Foreigner Physical Examination Form (printed by Chinese quarantine authority and only for those whose period of studies in China lasts up to six months, please refer to File 5 ) filled in English. The medical examinations must cover all the items listed in the Foreigner Physical Examination Form. Incomplete records or those without the signature of the attending physician, official stamp of the hospital or a sealed photograph of the applicants are invalid. The medical examination results will be valid for 6 months. All applicants are kindly requested to take this factor into consideration while determining the time to take the medical examination. The original Foreigner Physical Examination Form will be certified by the local authorities. In the case of failure to pass certification, a new physical examination must be done at the stipulated hospitals.
8.Three photocopies of a COMMON passport (no diplomatic or service passport)

Application Deadline
The above-mentioned materials should directly reach Ocean University of China by May 31th, 2009

Contact Information

ChinaTelephone: 0086-532-85901555 (English) & 0086-532-85901666
Fax: 0086-532-85901868
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it &
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Website: &

Laptops with Diffrent Designs

Tuesday, May 26, 2009

Keybaords with Unique Designs

Monday, May 25, 2009

Mars Hoax Circulates: 'Big as the Moon!'

Once again it appears that a Mars hoax that has widely circulated through the Internet since its first appearance during the summer of 2004 has begun to circulate yet again. It comes in the form of an e-mail message titled "Mars Spectacular," which originated from an unknown source.
In turn, this message has gotten passed on to others who couldn't resist forwarding it to their entire address book.

The e-mail declares that on the night of Aug. 27, the planet Mars will come closer to Earth than it has in the past 60,000 years, thereby offering spectacular views of the Red Planet. The commentary even proclaims, with liberal use of exclamation marks, that Mars will appear as bright as (or as large as) the full moon.
The problem is that "Aug. 27" is actually Aug. 27, 2003. Mars made a historically close pass by Earth that night (34.6 million miles, or 55.7 million km). The Hubble Space Telescope used the opportunity to make a great photo of Mars. But even then, to the naked eye Mars appeared as nothing more than an extremely bright yellowish-orange star, not at all like the full moon.
This year, Mars is actually much dimmer and far-less conspicuous than in 2003.
You can find Mars in the early morning sky right now, however, located not far from the dazzling planet, Venus. This week, the moon serves as a guide to spotting the red planet -- and you can easily compare them to see just how different they appear in size.

"In the past, the rapid spread of this information was like some sort of brain info-virus, and led to at least one daily newspaper comic that showed Mars crashing into a home while the husband and wife were indoors, debating how close the planet will come," said Neil deGrasse Tyson, director of New York's Hayden Planetarium.
In terms of actual size, Mars (approximately 4,213 miles, or 6,780 km. in diameter) is almost twice the size of our moon (about 2,160 miles, or 3,475 km). But the great distance between Mars and Earth never allows it to appear anywhere near as large as the moon in our sky.
The average distance of the moon from Earth is 238,000 miles (382,900 km). So for Mars to appear to loom as large as the Moon does from Earth, it would have to be about twice the Moon's distance, or roughly 476,000 miles (766,000 km.).

In fact, right now the red planet remains is 189 million miles (304 million km) from Earth.
So, plain and simple, if you have already received this infamous Mars E-mail -- or eventually receive it this summer -- be advised that it is totally bogus.
Or Tyson suggests: "Now it's time for you to send this antidote to all the infected people in your address book!"
Joe Rao serves as an instructor and guest lecturer at New York's Hayden Planetarium. He writes about astronomy for The New York Times and other publications, and he is also an on-camera meteorologist for News 12 Westchester, New York.

Sunday, May 24, 2009

A Mysterious Tree in India

This mysterious tree situated in Nalgonda, Andhra Pradesh, India.

At the first glance you may be confused the above tree the massive trunk with a "Baobab" tree. But there are unknow spicies which is close proximity of a hermitage deep in the dense of forest in Andhra Pradesh Indian.

Saturday, May 23, 2009

Top 25 cities for your career

In this Criteria we looked at cities' growth rates, average salaries and costs of living.
Factored in average commute time — which, according to experts, has a colossal impact on your overall happiness.

Its not only at unemployment figures, but also at the rate that unemployment has actually increased since February 2008.
Thinking of relocating for better job prospects? Need to compare two top contenders? Just curious to see where your city ranks? We’ve got you covered. Read on!
#25. San Diego, CA

Population: 1,266,731
Average Salary: $45,210
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 91
Average Commute Time: 23.4 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 208

Unemployment Rate: 8.8 San Diego is a splashy surfers paradise in Southern California. If wealth were measured by sun and sand, San Diego would be the nation’s richest city. Unfortunately, the recession has burned San Diego with a 3.8% increase in unemployment. Still, the city enjoys a mean income of over $45,000 and a top-25 ranking amongst the nation’s best cities for job growth. So grab your board and your resume because San Diego remains a promising place to work and even better place to play.

#24. Philadelphia, PA

Population: 1,449,634
Average Salary: $44,460
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 59
Average Commute Time: 29.4 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 176

Unemployment Rate: 8.0 The "City of Brotherly Love" — and the largest city on our list — has experienced a modest 3.1% uptick in unemployment, but has maintained an unemployment rate much lower than that of comparable cities. A mecca for tourists and American history buffs, Philadelphia also promotes itself as a center for biomedical and pharmaceutical companies. In recent years, education and health sectors have emerged as principal drivers of the local economy, helping the city stay in our top 25.Bonus fun fact: The lemon meringue pie was invented in Philadelphia.

#23. Cincinnati, OH

Population: 332,458
Average Salary: $40,540
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 14
Average Commute Time: 21 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 207

Unemployment Rate: 8.9 Procter & Gamble, Sunny Delight, and Chiquita Brands International are amongst the impressive list of 10 Fortune 100 companies based in the this all-American, river-front city. Its unemployment rate has not grown as much as other former industrial cities, gaining only 3.6 % since before the economy collapsed. With solid job growth potential, Cincinnati's big Fortune 100 companies are slowly pulling the city back into a positive economic reality.

#22. Louisville, KY

Population: 256,231

Average Salary: $37,410

Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 16

Average Commute Time: 21.5 minutes 

Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 204

Unemployment Rate: 10 Louisville is a charming southern belle of a city with a derby full of galloping job opportunities. Ranked at #16 for cost of living, Louisville offers country charm and city amenities. The job growth is pacing around the national average, and the unemployment rate has gone up a reasonable 4.2% since the recession began.Bonus fun fact: 90% of the United States’ disco balls are produced in Louisville.

#21. Hartford, CT

Population: 124,563
Average Salary: $48,650

Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 74

Average Commute Time: 33.2 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 199

Unemployment Rate: 8 Nicknamed the "Insurance Capital of the World," Hartford is home to some of the world’s largest insurance company headquarters. It also boasts some of our nation’s oldest institutions — the oldest art museum, park and continuously published newspaper all hail from Hartford. With a high average salary and a relatively low cost of living, it’s no wonder this picturesque city made our cut.Bonus fun fact: Nitrous oxide (laughing gas) was discovered in Hartford.

#20. St. Louis, MO

Population: 354,361
Average Salary: $40,630
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 23
Average Commute Time: 21.5 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 179

Unemployment Rate: 9.2 Known as the city that marks the divide between the Eastern and Western United States, St. Louis is often called the "Gateway City." It’s home to some of our nation’s largest public and privately held corporations —Enterprise Rent-A-Car, Scottrade, Energizer and Anheuser-Busch Breweries are just a few of its best known local companies. And it didn’t just make our own short list of great cities — this charming city ranks among the whole world’s top 100 cities in terms of quality of life. Bonus fun fact: The ice cream cone was invented in St. Louis.

#19. Indianapolis, IN
Population: 795,458
Average Salary: $39,840
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 12
Average Commute Time: 21.7 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 197

Unemployment Rate: 8.2 Formerly a manufacturing-heavy city, Indianapolis has shifted to encompass a much more diversified economy – today, its key industries include education, healthcare, tourism and finance. And if you love sports, Indianapolis may just be the place for you. The city hosts several major sporting events, including the Indianapolis 500, Brickyard 400 and men’s and women’s NCAA championships. It is also the fourth largest city on this list – below Philadelphia, San Antonio, and San Diego.Bonus fun fact: Indianapolis has the largest children’s museum in the world.

#18. Columbus, OH

Population: 747,755
Average Salary: $40,770
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 17
Average Commute Time: 20 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 178

Unemployment Rate: 7.9 Named after Christopher Columbus, the largest city in Ohio is also one of the largest cities on our list. The city boasts a robust economy, ranking in the top 10 in the nation. Government jobs provide the largest source of employment here, followed by its large higher education institutions. Columbus offers a relatively low cost of living and also boasts the lowest unemployment rate of all the 25 best value cities on this list.Bonus fun fact: 50% of the United States population lives within a 500-mile radius of Columbus.

#17. Buffalo, NY

Population: 272,632
Average Salary: $38,640
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 1
Average Commute Time: 19.4 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 174

Unemployment Rate: 9.6 Known for an abundance of greenery, a historic waterfront and a diverse cuisine, Buffalo has a lot to offer in terms of overall value. New York’s second largest city topped the list for cost-of-living per income ratio, and boasts one of the lowest average commute times in the nation. Unfortunately, this city also has one of highest unemployment rates on the list, so this year it ranks in the bottom half.Bonus fun fact: Not surprisingly, buffalo wings were invented here!

#16. Boston, MA

Population: 599,351
Average Salary: $51,730
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 80
Average Commute Time: 27.3 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 118

Unemployment Rate: 7.4 The unofficial "Capital of New England" is home to 21 four-year colleges and universities, making it a national center for higher education. These schools add to the local economy, not just by creating jobs but by attracting loads of high tech industries to the city. And at an average salary of $51,730, Boston boasts one of the highest incomes on our list. Living costs, however, are on the higher side, which pushes this iconic city farther down the list.Bonus fun fact: The first telephone call was made in Boston.

#15. Charlotte, NC

Population: 671,588
Average Salary: $41,200
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 36
Average Commute Time: 25.2 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 125

Unemployment Rate: 11.7 Home to the nation’s largest financial asset – Bank of America – as well as a number of Fortune 500 companies, this comfortable North Carolina city offers a solid salary to cost of living ratio. However, this has also left it more vulnerable to the economic downturn. It would have scored higher on our list, were it not for the drastic increase in unemployment since last year (up 6%).Bonus fun fact: Charlotte has two nuclear power plants!

#14. Pittsburgh, PA

Population: 311,218
Average Salary: $38,190
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 9
Average Commute Time: 21.2 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 169

Unemployment Rate: 7.6 With its former steel-manufacturing base and 446 bridges marking its skyline, Pittsburgh is unofficially considered both "The City of Bridges" and "The Steel City." Our #14 pick is historically known for its heavy industry, but today its leading industries are healthcare, education, technology, robotics, fashion and financial services. Boasting the third best income to cost of living ratio and third smallest drop in unemployment rate, Pittsburgh comes WomenCo-approved and recommended! Bonus fun fact: Beloved TV personality Mr. Rodgers’ real neighborhood was the Oakland section of Pittsburgh.

#13. Kansas City, MO

Population: 450,375
Average Salary: $37,970
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list):
25Average Commute Time: 20.7 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 164

Unemployment Rate: 8.4 Kansas City houses the headquarters of four Fortune 500 companies and several more Fortune 1000 corporations, providing a richly diverse economy with significant trade and transportation sectors, government programs and business services. Its cost of living has consistently been at or below the national average, boosting its rating on our list. Not only that, claims “there's a ‘zone of sanity’ across the middle of the country, including the region around Kansas City, Mo., that largely avoided the real estate bubble and the subsequent foreclosure crisis.”Bonus fun fact: The city is well known for its contributions to jazz music as well as the blues.

#12. Virginia Beach, VA

Population: 433,746
Average Salary: $37,550
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 37
Average Commute Time: 21.7 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 160

Unemployment Rate: 7.2 This beachfront city is best known for its thriving tourism, but is also home to 208 city parks, a national wildlife refuge, long-protected beach areas, three military bases, two universities and numerous historic sites. Major employers include Geico car insurance, Amerigroup health care, Virginia Beach-headquartered Lillian Vernon and Navy Exchange Service Command, while a large agribusiness sector gives our
#12 city an extra boost, keeping it just in the top half.Bonus fun fact: The Guinness Book of World Records lists Virginia Beach as having the longest pleasure beach in the world.

#11. Nashville, TN

Population: 590,807
Average Salary: $36,330
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 39
Average Commute Time: 20.7 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 153

Unemployment Rate: 8.4 As a leader in finance and insurance, health care, music and entertainment, publishing, transportation technology, higher education, biotechnology, plastics, and tourism and conventions, the economic diversity of America’s country music capital strengthens itself from the inside out. Its income to cost of living ratio is close to the best, especially given the city’s larger size, while the rise in unemployment has remained decently low.Bonus fun fact: Nashville once had the highest number of churches per capita.

#10. Honolulu, HI

Population: 588,349
Average Salary: $41,250
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 93
Average Commute Time: 22.3 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 132

Unemployment Rate: 5.4 More than just sun, sand, surf and volcanoes, Hawaii’s capital city boasts the second lowest unemployment rate on our list. The city is heavily focused in government; trade, transportation and utilities; leisure and hospitality; and professional and business services. One-fifth of the land is actually zoned for agriculture and, despite ongoing residential and commercial development, diversified agriculture and aquaculture have seen steady upward trends in recent years.Bonus fun fact: President Obama was born here.

#9. Denver, CO

Population: 588,349
Average Salary: $45,610
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 47
Average Commute Time: 22.6 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 113

Unemployment Rate: 7.9 Emphasizing employment in air transportation, telecommunications, aerospace and manufacturing, Denver is a major energy research center and the regional headquarters for government agencies. Its bustling downtown financial district is also considered the "Wall Street of the Rockies," housing both major national and international banks. And that’s not all — Denver is 346 miles west of the exact geographic center of the country, placing it in a great spot for future economic development and growth.Bonus fun fact: Denver is the only city ever to turn down the Olympics.

#8. Portland, OR

Population: 550,396
Average Salary: $43,370
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 58
Average Commute Time: 22.4 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 55

Unemployment Rate: 10.7 Historically, Portland has had a long-standing association with high-tech industries. According to, more than 1,200 tech companies currently operate in Portland, and, in 2004, microcomputer components manufacturer Intel was the city’s largest employer. The city has also seen consistent growth in the education and health-services sectors, helping the area maintain its high growth ratings despite significant decreases in employment in the natural resources, mining and construction sectors.Bonus fun fact: Portland has the largest independent book store in the world.

#7. Rochester, NY

Population: 206,759
Average Salary: $40,660
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 3
Average Commute Time: 19.4 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 137

Unemployment Rate: 8.5 Rochester is home to several Fortune 1000 companies — including the largest wine company in the world, Constellation Brands, and photo experts Eastman Kodak — as well as several national and regional companies. With the second best income to cost of living ratio on our list as well as boasting the lowest commute time, this city is a solid choice.Bonus fun fact: Rochester is known as the world capital of imaging.

#6. Seattle, WA

Population: 594,210
Average Salary: $49,890
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 79
Average Commute Time: 25.7 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 34

Unemployment Rate: 8.7 The home to many prominent corporate headquarters — including those of Starbucks, Nordstrom, Microsoft and — Seattle is Washington state’s largest city and the region’s major economic, cultural and educational center. While the cost of living is a little on the high side, our #6 city has a particularly promising job outlook in alternative energy development and software engineering.Bonus fun fact: Seattle buys more sunglasses per capita than any city in the US.

#5. Raleigh-Cary Metropolitan Area, NC

Population: 497,602
Average Salary: $40,840
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 46
Average Commute Time: 20.9 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 38

Unemployment Rate: 8.8 One of the nation’s top areas for overall growth, Raleigh-Cary shines with expected job growth in technology, tourism and academia. Home to one of the largest high-technology R&D centers in the world, our #5 pick is becoming a preferred location for cutting-edge technology and manufacturing firms. Its relatively low income to cost of living ratio and potential for growth definitely place it in the top tier.

#4. Oklahoma City, OK

Population: 547,274
Average Salary: $35,970
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 15
Average Commute Time: 18.7 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 44

Unemployment Rate: 5.6 Ranked by Forbes magazine as 2008’s most recession-proof American city, Oklahoma City is still bustling with the prospect of significant job growth. With last year’s up trend in the leisure and hospitality sector as well as employment increases in natural resources, wholesale, mining and construction, Oklahoma’s capital city has managed to hold steady with an impressively low change in unemployment rate since the recession’s outbreak. Our #4 pick remains a center for government and energy exploration while also continuing to foster positive working environments, boasting an exceptionally low average commute time for workers and a sensible income to cost of living ratio.

#3. Salt Lake City, UT

Population: 180,651
Average Salary: $39,590
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 41
Average Commute Time: 23.4 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 36

Unemployment Rate: 5.2 Service-oriented Salt Lake City is not only home to the headquarters of the Mormon Church but is also the nation’s largest industrial banking center. With stimulus from seasonal outdoor recreation tourism and a recent rebound in information-sector jobs, Salt Lake City has high expectations for job growth both now and after the economy recovers. Offering better employment conditions than most other large cities, Utah’s biggest city boasts the lowest unemployment rate and the second lowest average commute time on our list — boosting it right near the top.

#2. San Antonio, TX:

Population: 1,328,984
Average Salary: $34,610
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 29
Average Commute Time: 22.5 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 20

Unemployment Rate: 6.0 The second largest city in Texas (and on our list!), San Antonio has one of the most solid salary to cost of living ratios in the country and has seen the lowest change in unemployment rate since the onset of the recession. Its projected job growth is extremely promising and consistently high-performing, with plenty of opportunity in the education, health care, manufacturing, government and service sectors. Famous for its River Walk, the Alamo and Tejano culture, San Antonio’s tourism also continues to thrive despite a down economy.

#1. Austin, TX

Population: 743,074
Average Salary: $41,330
Cost of Living Rank (in a 1-100 list): 51
Average Commute Time: 21.9 minutes
Job Growth Rank (in a list of 372 Highest Growth Cities): 6

Unemployment Rate: 6.3 Austin tops our list with robust projected job growth and one of the lowest changes in unemployment rate since the onset of the recession. The city has enjoyed a recent explosion of high-tech entrepreneurism, and its two largest employers — the state government and the University of Texas — are expected to add a couple thousand jobs this year. A “best cities” list veteran, Austin’s our top pick!

Thursday, May 21, 2009

A short biography of Altaf Shaikh

Altaf Shaikh, a famous writer every person who loves the Sindh Land and knows everything about Sindh, once must knows about Altaf Shaikh.

He born on November 14, 1944 in New Haala District Hyderabad , Matyari. He got his early education from Haala.

For the the secondary and higher secondary school education he admitted to Cadet College Petaro Mirpurkhas. Then he moved to the Marine Academy Chittagong, Bangladesh for his higher education where he studied Marine Engineering. Profassionaly he was Marine Engineer, and taught in malaysia.

He is famous for his Travelogues and fiction books. He started the writing in 18 years of age. His first Fiction book was "Anamika" (bungali word "unknow").
He is fluent in Sindhi, Chinese, Japanese, English, Malay and Bengali.

Here a few of his travelogues and books:

Bander Bazariyoon (1971)
Jani ta Jahaz Main (1972)
Piyar je ghut (1973)
Dunya Aahe Kak Mahal (1975)
Wayoon wanjarn joon (1976)
So ee jobahn Deinh (1977)
Around the World (1989)
Kuwet Kinara (1980)
Sanmbhahoo samond jo (1980)


Khuda de Khat
Master waryam jo benkak wajan
Japan ras, Dhahee Jhirki
Baran jo Aakhaniyoon
London tain lift
Miss sada bahar Chambeli (novel).

The following Travelogues you can download:
Refrences: ,

Monday, May 18, 2009

Shaheed Hemu Kalani -- A Forgotten Sindhi Young Revoluter Hero

From the Kamal Rahemoon till Faheem Farooq Abbasi all the revolutors did not curved their necks in front of dictators. In these, one of the most famous personality is Hemu Kalani.

Hemu Kalani, born in Sukkur (Old Sukkur) 23 March 1923, his father's name was Pesumal, occupationally Contactor, and his mother's name was Jethi Bayi.

His real name was "Raahi Heman", but every one called him as "Hemu Kalani".

(Mother and brother of Shaheed Hemu Kalani receiving award from Indra Gandhi)
1942, when the Mahtma Gandhi, issued last calls for independence from the british rule. He delivered an atractived speech, asked every indian to lay down their life. It was called Quite Indian Movment. Mahatma told "Do or Die"

In the same year, hemu kalani passed out the Matriculation (10 standard) exam with flying marks.

He was really impressed by the revolution heroes who changed the history. And he wishes do something for his motherland just like his heroes.

In the midnight of 23 October 1942, Hemu kalani and his friends came to know that a freight train is coming carrying bombs and weapons to resist the Indian Freedom Movements. This is why he and his friends planed to derail the train and destroy rail road so that train could not reach to its destination. At the midnight when they start pulling the sleepers and destroying the rail road, a police soldier saw them and chase them to capture. All his friends were succeed to escape except Hemu Kalani. (here, I want to share another thing, Dr. Amir Abas Soomro wrote in his book name "Hind Ji Sindhin Ji Katha" [story of Indian Sindhies] stated once he met to (brother of Hemu Kalani) occpationaly building matrialist, during a long coversation with his brother he was shared us another thing that actualy when Hemu distroying the sleeprs, a biscuit factory was situated near by that rail road one of the gatekeeper of that factory capture him and gave him to the police).

(Pershotam Hiranandani, Kamla Kalani, Nand Javeri and Dr. Amir Soomro at
Shaheed Hemu Kalani Yadgar Mandal Chembur Bombay)

Police used third degree of torture on him and used maximum torture so that he can inform the names of his remaining friends. Government offers him if he inform the names of remaining friends Government can release him as soon as possible. But, 18 years old Hemu did not told names till last breath and he bear all the torture and pain.

After continuous 22 days of torture, British government court martial to Hemu Kalani and sentences him as Whole Life sentence, but British government revised his punishment and judiciary convert his sentence to Death.

Peerzada Abdul Sattar (Hemu's Lawyer) brings his uncle to signed by Hemu on the apology letter after that British government might release him. But Hemu did not agreed and said "I like to hang instead of apology against the Britain’s rulers, I didn’t do anything wrong that was right what I did".Hemu refused all the offers which offered by government. At the same night when Hemu hanged, his mother came to him and said him with tears "just write an apology letter and come back" even Hemu refused mother's appeal.

Hemu, the young revoluter refuses all the offers by british rulers and he preferred to be hang.

Hemu was happy in the jail, even his weight increased upto 7 pound it shown he was no afraid for his death.

21 January 1943 Hemu hanged in Sukkur Jail (now a days, its know as Sukkur Central Jail 2). When authorities asked to Hemu what is your last wish befor death, he told them "Just before hanging say loudly with me HAIL FREEDOM" as his last wish no one did refuse and said very loudly "HAIL FREEDOM". Finally Hemu Kalani hanged.

Another side, a big historical tragedy that after partition the mother of that patriot son who lost his life for his motherland, Jethi Bayi (Hemu's mother) left her country due to the religious violence and went to India.

Indian government appreciate her because of her patriot son. Nehru, and one of the General of Subhash Chander Boss gave her Civil Awards. While Indhra Gandhi releases memorable postal tickets in behalf of Hemu Kalani.

21 August 2003, BJP placed a statue of Hemu Kalani in the Dehli Parliament. In that ceremony Atal Bihari Vajpayi (Ex – P.M), L K Advani, Ram Jethmalani, Congress Leader Sonia Gandhi and other famous Indian political leaders were there. In memory of Hemu Kalani there is a memorable Building builded in Mumbai by Indian government, the land for this memorable building provided by government free of cost. Although, in 1981 in Sindhu Nagar (Ulhas Nagar), Mumbai a famous chowk named Venus chowk were renamed and gave it new name as "Hemu Kalani Chowk".

(Hemu Kalani's house in Sukkur by Dr Amir Soomro)

On other hand, Hemu who lost his life for Sindh land, ignored by goverment and there is no any memorable place which belongs to Hemu’s name. In Sukkur there was a park named Hemu Kalani Park had renamed by Pakistani Government and gave it new name as "Qasim Park or Lucus Park".

Now we can find Hemu only in the loud speeches of Nationalist Leaders and Sindhi poets. Nonetheless, there is no place for Hemu in his Motherland.
Reference: "Inquilabi Vaat" [The Way of Revolution], January - Febuary 2009.

Tuesday, May 12, 2009

Build Your Self Confidence

One of the most important steps to achieving your goals in life is to develop a strong sense of self confidence. This does not however involve becoming loud or arrogant. On the contrary, people with genuine self confidence are usually calm and self assured and do not need to 'big note' themselves.

Here are my top ten tips for building your self confidence:

1. Visualise Yourself As The Person You Want To Be

Each morning spend a few minutes visualising yourself as the person you want to be. Think about the way you dress, the way you carry yourself and the way you interact with other people. Seeing yourself as the person you want to become is the first step towards building self confidence.

2. Self Confidence Statement

After visualising yourself as the person you want to be, read the following statement out loud:"I know I have the ability to achieve my major goal in life. Therefore today,I demand of myself persistent and continuous action towards achieving my goal"Reading this statement out loud is a great way to start your day in a confident state of mind.

3. Dress Well

One of the most effective ways to instantly improve your level of self confidence is to dress well and to make the decision to always be well groomed. This does not mean you have to go out and buy a whole new wardrobe. Instead, just focus on gradually building up a small collection of good quality clothes. Also remember that simple accessories such as a tie clip or necklace can make a big difference to the way you look and feel.

4. Positive Posture

Another powerful way to build your sense of self confidence is to stand up straight and lose the slouch that many of us have acquired over the years. While you may be able to make a change to your posture by simply becoming aware of it, the best way to make a long lasting change to your posture is to practice yoga or pilates.

5. Move With Purpose

A simple but effective tip for increasing your levels of self confidence is to always move with a sense of purpose. In his book 'The Magic of Thinking Big', David Schwartz recommends walking 25% faster than normal. Having a spring in your step lets people know that you have important things to do and actually makes you feel more confident as you go about your daily business.

6. Become A Participant

Have you ever noticed that in most meetings or groups, people immediately head towards the back of the room so that they can remain as inconspicuous as possible? A great way to increase your visibility and sense of self confidence is to make the decision to always sit towards the front of the room and be a participant. When you have something to say - don't be afraid to say it.

7. Connect With Confidence

Another way to quickly improve your self confidence is to practice making a strong first impression. When you meet someone face-to-face, look them directly in the eye, smile broadly, shake hands firmly and say, "Hi Jim, nice to meet you".Similarly, you can sound more confident on the phone by answering, "Good morning Carol Jones speaking" instead of simply saying "Hello"

8. Build Your Success File

Occasionally your self confidence will take a hit when something doesn't work out the way you hoped. One of the best ways to repair your self confidence in this situation is to keep a folder outlining your past achievements and successes. You should also include any positive feedback that you've received from others.As you review your success file and fill your mind with positive comments, your doubts and insecurities will quickly disappear and your self confidence will be restored.

9. PreparationT

The BIG secret to being self confident that people rarely talk about is - preparation. The more you prepare and practice for an event, the more self confident you will become.If you are worried about an upcoming event, use your apprehension as a stimulus to take action and practice, practice, practice. The simple but powerful truth is that self confidence grows through repetition and experience.

10. Toastmasters

My final tip for developing self confidence is to join a Toastmasters group.Toastmasters is a non-profit organisation that helps people from all walks of life to develop their public speaking and leadership skills. In my experience Toastmasters offers a safe and relaxed environment to step out of your comfort zone and develop the invaluable skills of being able to think on your feet and speak in public.So there you have it!

If you implement some or all of these 10 techniques you'll gradually develop a greater sense of self confidence which in turn will help you to pursue and achieve your most important life goals.Until next time.

Ore. babies switched at birth meet 56 years later

HEPPNER, Ore. – On a spring day in 1953, two babies were born at Pioneer Memorial Hospital in the Eastern Oregon town of Heppner — DeeAnn Angell of Fossil and Kay Rene Reed of Condon. The girls would grow up, get married, have kids of their own and become grandparents. Then, last summer, Kay Rene's brother, Bobby Reed, got a call from an 86-year-old woman who had known his mother and had also lived next door to the Angell family in Fossil.
"She said she had something she had to get off her chest," Bobby Reed said in an interview with the East Oregonian newspaper of Pendleton, which reported the story Sunday.

Bobby met the woman at the nursing home where she lives. The woman said Marjorie Angell insisted back in 1953 that she had been given the wrong baby after the nurses returned from bathing them. Her concerns, however, were brushed off.
Then the old lady showed Bobby an old photo.
"It looked like Kay Rene in about 7th or 8th grade," Bobby said.
But it was DeeAnn Angell's sister.
"Kay Rene is not a Reed," the woman insisted. "DeeAnn is a Reed."
Bobby, obviously stunned, didn't know what to do with the information. He didn't want to hurt anyone; he didn't want anything to change.

He finally decided to tell his two oldest sisters, and one of them told Kay Rene.
With both sets of parents dead, the Reed and Angell siblings compared notes and family stories, learning that rumors of a mix-up had been around for years. In early February, DeeAnn got a call from her sister, Juanita. "Do you remember those rumors of being switched at birth?" Juanita asked, and went on to provide the update.

"Does this mean I'm not invited to the family reunion?" DeeAnn joked.
Kay Rene, meanwhile, needed to learn the truth. Kay Rene, Bobby and their sister Dorothy met DeeAnn at a Kennewick, Wash., clinic last month. The doctor said Kay Rene's and DeeAnn's DNA would be compared with that of Bobby and Dorothy to determine the probability of a relation.
A week later, Kay Rene got the results at work. She went to her car to open the envelope in privacy. Her likely probability of being related to her brother and sister? Zero.
"I cried," she said. "I wanted to be a Reed — my life wasn't my life."
DeeAnn's report said she had 99.9 percent of being related to Bobby and Dorothy.
DeeAnn, who now lives in Richland, Wash., told the newspaper that the report only confirmed what she knew after meeting Kay Rene.

"After seeing Kay Rene, I went home and told my husband, I don't know why she's doing the DNA testing," she said. "I was shocked — she looked just like my sister's twin."
Pioneer Memorial Hospital offered to pay for counseling, but both women declined.
The two have become friends and celebrated their latest birthday together earlier this month. Recently, Kay Rene Qualls introduced DeeAnn Shafer to her work colleagues, calling her "my swister."

"I'm trying to move forward at look at the positive," DeeAnn said. "I love my kids. I love my husband. I love my life."
She paused. "You can't look back. It just drives you crazy."

Monday, May 11, 2009

Giant Eye in Space

The Hubble Space Telescope's legendary Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 has produced one of its last images, a gorgeous shot of a planetary nebula.
The nebula, a colorful cloud of gas and dust named Knockout 4-55 (or K 4-55), has an eye that appears to be looking right back at Hubble. The image was taken May 4 and released today.

Monday, NASA aims to send the space shuttle Atlantis to Hubble, where astronauts will replace the camera with the Wide Field Camera 3, among other upgrades and fix-it projects. At a press conference, space agency officials said the camera will make one last image tomorrow, of a nearby galaxy named IC 5152, but that image won't be released immediately.
Planetary nebulas have nothing to do with planets. They were named so because in early telescopes, they had the fuzzy look of planets in our outer solar system. In fact planetary nebulas sit throughout our galaxy. This one contains the outer layers of a red giant star that were expelled into interstellar space when the star was in the late stages of its life.
Ultraviolet radiation emitted from the remaining hot core of the star ionizes the ejected gas shells, causing them to glow.

In the specific case of K 4-55, a bright inner ring is surrounded by a bipolar structure. The entire system is then surrounded by a faint red halo, seen in the emission by nitrogen gas. This multi-shell structure is fairly uncommon in planetary nebulae.

The Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 instrument was installed in 1993 to replace the original Wide Field/Planetary Camera. Among its iconic images:
Eagle Nebula's "pillars of creation."Comet P/Shoemaker-Levy 9's impacts on Jupiter's atmosphere.The 1995 Hubble Deep Field – the longest and deepest Hubble optical image of its time.

The Hubble Space Telescope is a project of international cooperation between NASA and the European Space Agency. Images are processed at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which conducts Hubble science operations.

Saturday, May 9, 2009

Muhammad Mahmood Alam khan -- Hero of 1965 WAR

Muhammad Mahmood Alam or shortly M. M. Alam is a retired Air Commodore of Pakistan Air Force. He is a recipient of the Pakistani military decoration, the Sitara-e-Jurrat ("The star of courage") and a bar to it for his actions during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.
He was born July 6, 1935 in Calcutta, British India. He is popularly known as "M.M. Alam" and nicknamed little dragon.

Air-to-Air kills Indian version

M.M Alam aka little dragon is known for his actions during the Indo-Pakistan War of 1965 when he was posted at Sargodha. During this war he was involved in various dogfights. He is officially credited with downing nine indian fighters six of them are hunters Hunters of the Indian Air Force in air-to-air combats, 5 of them in less than a minute,

as follows:
September 6, 1965, One Hawker Hunter: Squadron Leader Ajit Kumar Rawlley, No 7 Squadron, Killed in action, near Tarn Taran. September 7, 1965, Three Hawker Hunters (in one mission): Squadron Leader Onkar Nath Kacker, No 27 Sqn, POW, Squadron Leader Suresh B Bhagwat and Flying Officer Jagdev Singh Brar, No 7 Squadron, KIA, near Sangla Hill. September 16, 1965, One Hawker Hunter: Flying Officer Farokh Dara Bunsha, No 7 Squadron, KIA, near Amritsar. The Indian sources attribute Alam with only five of these kills, attributing one of the "kills" claimed by PAF, Sqn Ldr Onkar Nath Kacker's aircraft loss, to booster failure. However Indian sources claim, that if MM Alam had indeed shot down, 5 IAF Hunters in less than 30 Sec,why the Gun camera film of his fighter plane was not made public during or after the war was over & to date PAF has not shown the gun camera film. Similarly Pakistani authorities recovered the debris of only two aircraft's with the bodies of both the pilot, one a hindu & another sikh from the scene of action. The Indian source also claims that MM Alam never saw his missile hit Kacker's aircraft.
Alam was the first commanding officer of the first squadron of Dassault Mirage III fighters procured by the PAF. However he was not very popular with the top management of the PAF and was shortly removed from command, on the excuse that he was not "literate enough". During the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971, all personnel who were of Bengali origins or were born in Bengal were grounded to prevent any defections. Thus, Alam was posted on a staff job and did not fly in combat. M.M. Alam retired in 1982 as an Air Commodore and currently resides in Karachi. One of the roads of Gulberg in Lahore is named after him as M. M. Alam road. His brother M. Shahid Alam is an Economist and a professor at Northeastern University, Boston. His brother M. Sajjad Alam is a particle physicist at SUNY Albany and is credited for discovering over a dozen particles.

"On 6th September, 1965, during an aerial combat over enemy
territory, Squadron Leader Mohammad Mahmood Alam flying as pilot of an F-86
Sabre Jet, shot down two enemy Hunter aircraft and damaged three others. For the
exceptional flying skill and valor displayed by Squadron Leader Mohammad Mahmood
Alam in operations, he was awarded Sitara-i-Juraat. On 7th September, 1965, in a
number of interception missions flown by Squadron Leader Mohammad Mahmood Alam
against enemy aircraft attacking Pakistan Air Force Station, Sargodha, Squadron
Leader Alam destroyed five more enemy Hunter aircraft in less than a minute,
which remains a record until today. Overall, he had nine kills and two damages
to his credit. For the exceptional flying skill and valour shown by him in
pressing home his attacks in aerial combats with the enemy, Squadron Leader
Mohammad Mahmood Alam is awarded a bar to his Sitara-i-Juraat."

Eye-witness to M. M. Alam's Encounter with the IAF
7th September, 1965, I had the unique opportunity of seeing history being made. I shall not hesitate to accept that, ever since, my prejudices against history have weakened quite a bit.
The tension of the post Rann-of-Kutch period had increased progressively culminating in the outbreak of the Indo-Pak War. The PAF was in a high state of alert. I was then at Sargodha - the focal point of interest for the Indian Air Force. It did not take a psychologist to analyse the state of mind of the PAF pilots. Calm and resolute, quite yet zealous, they were all too keen to their teach adversaries a lesson.
Seated in the cockpit of an F-104 aircraft, I was awaiting my turn to the launched into the air. On a warning of an approaching low-level raid, some of my colleagues had already got airborne. For a short span of about half a minute we were anxious, but it was not long before we realised that the enemy had failed to deliver a proper attack and had caused no damage except to chip off a corner of a transistor-radio. They had to pay a rather heavy toll for the damage they had caused on the personal property of an officer - 4 out of the 6 raiding aircraft were shot down.
When a second in-coming raid was detected, four of my colleagues flying the F-80s and I in my F-104 were ordered to the air. In minutes we were airborne and were waiting to "great-our friends." Squadron Leader M. M. Alam with his wingman was orbiting south-east of the airfield; the other pair of F-86s led by Flight Lieutenant Bhatti was further east of Squadron Leader M. M. Alam's section and I was circling the airfield at a height of about 15,000 feet. While heading north, I spotted four enemy aircraft exiting in a south-easterly direction. I called out on the radio that I had visual contact with them and started turning in the direction of the enemy's exist. By the time I had come behind the enemy aircraft, I saw that four F-86s - two of Alam's formation and two of Bhatti's - were already chasing the Indian Hunter aircraft.
The Hunter is a faster aircraft than the Sabre: In order to close in to a firing range the Sabres had to jettison their external fuel tanks and dive down from height. Bhatti tried to get rid of his external tanks but unfortunately one of his tanks failed to jettison. It was now practically impossible for him to close the gap between himself and his prey. So, he wisely decided to let the other pair of F-86s, led by Alam, tackle the Indian aircraft. Alam and his wingman started gradually to close in on the enemy. Thought I, in the F-104, would have had no problem getting into the firing range, I thought it appropriate and fair to let Alam try his hand first. I decided to keep the Hunters in sight and trail Alam, firstly to allow him more manoeuvring area and, secondly, to be ready for any one of them who might decide to run away faster. In the heart of my heart, I feared that Alam, with his complete mastery of the F-86 and his determination to punish each one of the Indians for the liberty they had taken, would give me no opportunity. In a short while I realised that my fears were turning into facts.
Like me, Alam had also spotted only four Hunters. He decided to engage the one on the extreme right first. It was then that he spotted a fifth Hunter further to the right. He changed his mind and switched his attack to this new find. Barely a couple of seconds must have lapsed before Alam six guns were spitting fire and fury at this Hunter and I saw a ball of fire hit the ground. Alam pulled his guns on to the next Hunter. A few seconds later, another ball of fire hit the ground. Then the Indians tried a half-hearted defensive manoeuvre. Alam was almost overshooting an enemy aircraft but by then he had destroyed it - a third ball of fire and the pilot of this Hunter managed to eject from his aircraft before it crashed. Alam was once again in a better position to tackle the two remaining Hunters. It was only a matter of moments before these two also turned into balls of fire and crashed into the ground. I felt a pang of disappointment - Alam had been unfair to me. He had himself tackled them all, giving me no chance to bear my guns on to any one of them. The Indians disappointed me too. Had they just decided to run away from Alam, I would have possibly had a chance.
I checked my distance from Sargodha; it was 37 miles. This was the first time that a fighter pilot had attacked and destroyed five enemy fighters at almost tree-top level in a short span of a minute or so. A new chapter was added not only to the history of the PAF, but also to that of military aviation.
It was a great privilege to have been a witness to this encounter. The bit "Fox Hunt" started by the Indian Hunters had ended up in the "Fox" killing all the hounds but one. This one hound, I do not know how, managed to detach himself from the rest of the 'hounds' and ran back with his tail between his legs. I believe that on his return he was awarded a "Veer Chakra" for his demonstration of great courage and valour in the face of the enemy!